Candidates prepare their dissertation at a doctoral school under the supervision of accredited institutions, within a research team or unit recognized based on evaluation by HCERES (French council for evaluating research and higher education) or by other entities whose procedures it approves, and under the responsibility of a dissertation supervisor attached to that school…”

Article 10 of the decree of May 25, 2016 establishing a national framework in France for the education and conditions leading to a French PhD diploma

Doctoral Schools sponsored by PSL or one of its members